Listed below are the legislative references which pertain to violence, harassment, and the general duty clause for each of the jurisdiction in which CUPE members work. Where there is no specific reference to violence or harassment prevention, workers can always use the “general duty provision” in their Occupational Health & Safety legislation which requires employers to take all reasonable precautions to protect the health and safety of employees.

Jurisdiction Violence Harassment General Duty Clause
Alberta

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

Defined under definitions 1(yy)

Obligation of employer to prevent 3(1)(c)

Supervisors Prevent 4(a)(v)

Workers shall not 5(d)

Identify as part of Program 37(1)(b)

Occupational Health and Safety Code,

Section 390-390.3 Includes requirements for Violence prevention plan, policy, procedures, and domestic violence

391.1 Investigations

392.4 Additional Violence Training

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

Defined under definitions 1(q)

Obligation of employer to prevent 3(1)(c)

Supervisors Prevent 4(a)(v)

Workers shall not 5(d)

Identify as part of Program 37(1)(b)

Occupational Health and Safety Code,

Section 390.4 Includes requirements for harassment prevention plan, policy, procedures

391 Harassment Training

391.1 Investigations
Occupational Health and Safety Act Section 3(1)
British Columbia

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation:

3.23(1)(f) – young and new workers

4.22.1 - Late night retail safety procedures and requirements

4.27 - 4.31 – Violence prevention in the Workplace

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation: Improper activity or behaviour is defined under section 4.24 and prohibition of under 4.25 

Workers Compensation Act:

Part 3, section 115 (1) 
Manitoba

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation

Section 1.1 defines Violence

Part 11, Violence in the Workplace regulations

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation

Section 1.1 defines Harassment

Section 1.1.1(1)-(3) further clarifies

Part 10, Harassment prevention policy

Workplace Safety and Health Act:

Section 4(1) 
New Brunswick  Not specifically referenced in legislation  Not specifically referenced in legislation  Occupational Health and Safety Act 9(1) 
Newfoundland and Labrador 

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations

Violence prevention

Section 22-24
Not specifically referenced in legislation 

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

Section 4.
Nova Scotia Separate Violence in the Workplace Regulations Not specifically referenced in legislation 

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

section 13 (1)
Ontario

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

Section 32.0.1(a) Requirement for policy on violence

Section 32.0.2: Violence Program Requirements

Section 32.0.3: Assessment of Risks of Violence

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

Section 32.0.1(b) Requirement for policy on harassment

Section 32.0.6 – harassment Program Requirements
Occupational Health and Safety Act 25(2)(h) 
Prince Edward Island 

Occupational Health and Safety Act General Regulations:

Violence in the workplace:

Section 52

Civil Service Act Regulations

Conduct of employee, Harassment prohibited section 30-31

Occupational Health and Safety Act

12. (1)(a) 
Quebec Assumed covered under the Psychological Harassment Section of the Act Respecting Labour Standards

Act Respecting Labour Standards

Psychological Harassment

Section 81.18 – 20

Recourse 123.6, 123.15,

 
Saskatchewan

The Saskatchewan Employment Act

Policy statement on violence and prevention plan, 3-21

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations

Section 37 

The Saskatchewan Employment Act

Definition of harassment: 3-1(1)(l), further explained 3-1(1)2(3) and 3-1(1) (4)

Employer Duties to Prevent 3-8 (d)

Supervisors duties to Prevent 3-9 (c)

Workers prohibited 3-10 (b)

Inspector investigation requirements on workers 3-67

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations

Section 36 

The Saskatchewan Employment Act

3-8(a) 
Federally Regulated 

Canada Labour Code:

Part II s125(1) (z16)

Canadian OHS Regulations Section 20 is the violence Prevention Program regulations 
Canada Labour Code, Part III, section 247 – Covers sexual harassment only 

Canada Labour Code:

Part II

Section 124