Listed below are the legislative references which pertain to violence, harassment, and the general duty clause for each of the jurisdiction in which CUPE members work. Where there is no specific reference to violence or harassment prevention, workers can always use the “general duty provision” in their Occupational Health & Safety legislation which requires employers to take all reasonable precautions to protect the health and safety of employees.

JURISDICTION VIOLENCE HARASSMENT GENERAL DUTY CLAUSE

Alberta

Occupational Health and Safety Act: 
Defined under definitions 1(yy)
Obligation of employer to prevent 3(1)(c)
Supervisors Prevent 4(a)(v)
Workers shall not 5(d)
Identify as part of Program 37(1)(b)

Occupational Health and Safety Code, 
Section 390-390.3 Includes requirements for Violence prevention plan, policy, procedures, and domestic violence

391.1 Investigations
392.4 Additional Violence Training

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

Defined under definitions 1(q)
Obligation of employer to prevent 3(1)(c)
Supervisors Prevent 4(a)(v)
Workers shall not 5(d)
Identify as part of Program 37(1)(b)

Occupational Health and Safety Code,
Section 390.4 Includes requirements for harassment prevention plan, policy, procedures 391 Harassment Training

391.1 Investigations

Occupational Health and Safety Act

Section 3(1)

British Columbia

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation:

3.23(1)(f) – young and new workers
4.22.1 - Late night retail safety procedures and requirements
4.27 - 4.31 – Violence prevention in the Workplace

Occupational Health and Safety Regulation: Improper activity or behaviour is defined under section 4.24 and prohibition of under 4.25

Workers Compensation Act:

Part 3, section 115 (1)

Manitoba

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation

Section 1.1 defines Violence
Part 11, Violence in the Workplace regulations

Workplace Safety and Health Regulation

Section 1.1 defines Harassment
Section 1.1.1(1)-(3) further clarifies
Part 10, Harassment prevention policy

Workplace Safety and Health Act: Section 4(1)

New Brunswick

General Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act

Section 2 defines violence
Section 374.1 – Assessment of risk from violence
Section 374.2 – Establish Coded of practice for violence
Section 374.7 – Training for codes of practice

General Regulation - Occupational Health and Safety Act

Section 2 defines harassment
Section 374.4 – Establish Coded of practice for harassment
Section 374.7 – Training for codes of practice

Occupational Health and Safety Act

9(1)

Newfoundland and Labrador

Occupational Health and Safety Regulations

Violence prevention Section 22-24

22(2) & (3)  definitions 
24.1 Harassment Prevention plan
24.2 Training

Occupational Health and Safety Act:

Section 4.

Nova Scotia

Separate Violence in the Workplace Regulations

Not specifically referenced in legislation

Occupational Health and Safety Act: section 13 (1)

Ontario

Occupational Health and Safety Act: 
Section 32.0.1(a) Requirement for policy on violence
Section 32.0.2: Violence Program Requirements
Section 32.0.3: Assessment of Risks of Violence

Occupational Health and Safety Act: 
Section 32.0.1(b) Requirement for policy on harassment
Section 32.0.6 – harassment Program Requirements

Occupational Health and Safety Act

25(2)(h)

Prince Edward Island

Occupational Health and Safety Act General Regulations:

Violence in the workplace:
Section 52

WORKPLACE HARASSMENT REGULATIONS

Occupational Health and Safety Act

12. (1)(a)

Quebec

Assumed covered under the Psychological Harassment Section of the Act Respecting Labour Standards

Act Respecting Labour Standards 
Psychological Harassment Section 81.18 – 20
Recourse 123.6, 123.15,

Saskatchewan

The Saskatchewan Employment Act
Policy statement on violence and prevention plan, 3-21
Occupational Health and Safety Regulations
Section 37

The Saskatchewan Employment Act 
Definition of harassment: 3-1(1)(l), further explained 3-1(1)2(3) and 3-1(1) (4)
Employer Duties to Prevent 3-8 (d)
Supervisors duties 
to Prevent 3-9 (c) 
Workers prohibited 3-10 (b)
Inspector investigation requirements on workers 3-67
Occupational Health and Safety Regulations
Section 36

The Saskatchewan Employment Act

3-8(a)

Federally Regulated

Canada Labour Code:
Part II section 122(1) Definitions 
Part 122.1 purpose
s125(1) (c) & (z16-163), 125 (4) – duty of employer 
127.1(1.1) filing complaint

Work Place Harassment and Violence Prevention Regulations

Canada Labour Code:
Part II section 122(1) Definitions 
Part 122.1 purpose
s125(1) (c) & (z16-163), 125 (4) – duty of employer 
127.1(1.1) filing complaint

Work Place Harassment and Violence Prevention Regulations

Canada Labour Code:

Part II Section 124