- In 2001, 47 per cent of Aboriginal women aged 15 and over were employed, compared with 56 per cent of non-Aboriginal women. Aboriginal women were also less likely than their male counterparts to be employed, at 47 per cent and 53 per cent respectively. Fifty-seven per cent of Aboriginal women with jobs work part-time and/or part year.
Women working full-time all year earn 70.5 per cent compared to men. Women of colour earn 64 per cent and Aboriginal women earn only 46 per cent of what men are paid.
Aboriginal woman make 24.5 per cent less than non-Aboriginal women and Aboriginal women make 18 per cent less than women of colour.
Annual income of First Peoples is lower than other Canadians: 42 per cent have low incomes, more than half the national average.
Aboriginal women with jobs are most concentrated in low-paying occupations: 60 per cent work either in sales, service, or in business, finance, or administration jobs. The median income for Aboriginal women is $12,300 – $5,000 less than non-Aboriginal women. It is also $3,000 less than Aboriginal men. The average employment income for First Nation women in First Nation communities was approximately $1,500 less than First Nation men and approximately $8,400 less than the Canadian average for women. Twenty-seven per cent of income for Aboriginal women comes from unemployment insurance and social welfare benefits. In 2000, 36 per cent of all Aboriginal females were classified as living in a household with incomes below the Low Income Cutoff, which is double the figure for non-Aboriginal women.